In addition to the classical subjects of media system comparison and the development of new, Internet-based social media, various forms of local popular and subculture were also part of the research in the previous two project years. It has been emphasized over and over again that entertainment, art and pop culture can produce a counterpublicity. The articulation beyond mass mediated arenas ranges from direct protest to subtle criticism of society, to individualistic retreat into communicative communities. Thus, on the basis of social forms and functions of popular culture, derivations to the exciting relationship of communicative distribution of power between life worlds and systems in democratic societies can be made. In which areas does a politicization of the life world forge ahead? Which social counter-narratives are discussed in entertainment and pop culture? And how can the creativity of the everyday interpretation revert to systems? Are life world and daily life a necessary correction in transformation processes or merely a private residual of a plural public sphere? Do subcultural scenes in the modern age still have political significance and recognition, or have the lifestyle differencies been absorbed by the capitalist mainstream long ago? Similar examples in both countries show that popular culture can at least be a critique of political transformation: graffiti and street artists call for “civil supremacy” in both contexts; the adaptation of global entertainment stimulates discourses about “cultural mixed system” between tradition and modernity; and cinematic counter-narrations of the fascist and dictatorial past of both countries challenge collective memory. The comparison of medial processing of genocide stories can provide an important impetus for the intra-societal as well as international understanding. The panel will therefore discuss a common theoretical matrix of the relevance of everyday communication in the transformation process.