In the first year (2015) of the cooperation, the German and Indonesian students studied the Internet usage and the communication strategies of Indonesian NGOs. In the second year (2016), the comparison of the role of the Internet for the development of public spheres of both countries was the focus. As part of the conference panel, the focus of this year will be on “Online Activism”, i.e. a comparison of structural differences and similarities between the arenas of Internet-based counter-public sphere that appears particularly beneficial for people of marginalized groups, in which they could express their interests and opinions freely and without fear (at least theoretically) of opression from the dominant force. Influence structures on public opinion are subject to change in both contexts/countries. In Indonesia, for example, the peripheral rural population is gaining new opportunities for participation in the public opinion-forming process by connecting to the Internet. In Germany, it is precisely ethnic minorities and refugees who are often exposed to a negative agenda as an objectified group in the mainstream media in the context of the new right-wing political discourse. But does the Internet really provide counter-narrations? The central question is: How have the democratic information and opinion-forming processes been shifted through the Internet in recent years? What kind of access available for a multicultural civil society? Which (Dys)functionalities of the digital public sphere are shown? And in what context are they related to the different transformations of both countries? The comparison of “empowerment processes” in Germany and Indonesia promises an interesting impetus for the analysis of the transformation processes in the regions in the face of parallel technical developments.